These “Colonization of Mars” Days “Coureurs Des Bois” and “Voyageurs” ‘Traditional'”French””Entrepreneurs”& “Logisticians” Reconversion Occurs Further and Further Away from their Ancestral Europe Planet Earth – 1/2/2015

For Your Entertainment (FYE)

These “Colonization of Mars”(“Sao Hoa” in vietnamese) Days “Coureurs Des Bois” and “Voyageurs”, ‘Traditional'”French””Entrepreneurs”& “Logisticians” reconversion occurs further and further away from their ancestral Europe planet Earth, with mixed results……..

“A coureur des bois ( ​[kuʁœʁ de bwa]) or coureur de bois ( ​[kuʁœʁ də bwa]runner of the woods; plural: coureurs de bois) was an independent entrepreneurial French-Canadian woodsman who traveled in New France and the interior of North America. They ventured into the woods usually to trade various European items for furs, especially beaver pelts, and along the way, learned the trades and practices of the Native people who inhabited there. The term is often confused with voyageurswho, rather than being unlicensed entrepreneurs were the canoe travel workers for licensed fur traders. The most prominent Coureur des bois were also explorers and gained fame as such.”

“The voyageurs were people who engaged in the transporting of furs by canoe during the fur trade eraVoyageur is a French word, which means “traveler”. This article covers the emblematic meaning of the term, which applies to places (Canada and the upper Midwest of the United States) and times (zenith in the 18th and early 19th centuries) where transportation was for longer distances. This major and challenging task of the fur trading business was done by canoe and largely by French Canadians. The term in its fur trade context also applied to a lesser extent to other fur trade activities.[1] The emblematic meaning at the time also included being a part of a licensed, organized effort, one of the distinctions that sets them apart from the coureurs des bois.”

“The voyageurs are legendary, especially in French Canada. They are folk heroes celebrated in folklore and music. As an unnamed voyageur in his 70s said to James H. Baker:

I could carry, paddle, walk and sing with any man I ever saw. I have been twenty-four years a canoe man, and forty-one years in service; no portage was ever too long for me, fifty songs could I sing. I have saved the lives of ten voyageurs, have had twelve wives and six running dogs. I spent all of my money in pleasure. Were I young again, I would spend my life the same way over. There is no life so happy as a voyageur’s life! 

“Another source contains a different version of the quote and has it as spoken to Alexander Ross on the shores of Lake Winnipeg in 1825, and says that it is an emblematic description of a voyageur’s way of life.

“The reality is that their life was one of toil. For example, they had to be able to carry two 90-pound (41 kg) bundles of fur over portages; some carried four or five, there is a report of a voyageur carrying seven for half of a mile, and legends of voyageurs carrying eight. Hernias were common and frequently caused death.”

Mars is the focus of much speculation and serious study about possible human colonization. Its surface conditions and the likely availability of water make it arguably the most hospitable of the planets, other than Earth. Mars requires less energy per unit mass (delta V) to reach from Earth than any planet except Venus. However, at minimum energy use, a trip to Mars requires 6–7 months in space using current chemical propulsion methods.”

“As with early colonies in the New World, economics would be a crucial aspect to a colony’s success. The reduced gravity well of Mars and its position in the Solar System may facilitate Mars–Earth tradeand may provide an economic rationale for continued settlement of the planet. Given its size and resources, this might eventually be a place to grow food and produce equipment that would be used by miners in the asteroid belt.”

“A major economic problem is the enormous up-front investment required to establish the colony and perhaps also terraform the planet.”

“Some early Mars colonies might specialize in developing local resources for Martian consumption, such as water and/or ice. Local resources can also be used in infrastructure construction. One source of Martian ore currently known to be available is reduced iron in the form of nickel–iron meteorites. Iron in this form is more easily extracted than from the iron oxides that cover the planet.”

“Another main inter-Martian trade good during early colonization could be manure. Assuming that life doesn’t exist on Mars, the soil is going to be very poor for growing plants, so manure and other fertilizers will be valued highly in any Martian civilization until the planet changes enough chemically to support growing vegetation on its own.”

Solar power is a candidate for power for a Martian colony. Solar insolation (the amount of solar radiation that reaches Mars) is about 42% of that on Earth, since Mars is about 52% farther from the Sun and insolation falls off as the square of distance. But the thin atmosphere would allow almost all of that energy to reach the surface as compared to Earth, where the atmosphere absorbs roughly a quarter of the solar radiation. Sunlight on the surface of Mars would be much like a moderately cloudy day on Earth.

Nuclear power is also a good candidate, since the fuel is very dense for cheap transportation from Earth. Nuclear power also produces heat, which would be extremely valuable to a Mars colony.”

“Mars’s reduced gravity together with its rotation rate makes it possible for the construction of a space elevator with today’s materials, although the low orbit of Phobos could present engineering challenges. If constructed, the elevator could transport minerals and other natural resources extracted from the planet.'”

“Space colonization on Mars can roughly be said to be possible when the necessary methods of space colonization become cheap enough (such as space access by cheaper launch systems) to meet the cumulative funds that have been gathered for the purpose.”

“Although there are no immediate prospects for the large amounts of money required for any space colonization to be available given traditional launch costs, there is some prospect of a radical reduction to launch costs in the 2010s, which would consequently lessen the cost of any efforts in that direction. With a published price of US$56.5 million per launch of up to 13,150 kg (28,990 lb) payload to low Earth orbitSpaceX Falcon 9 rockets are already the “cheapest in the industry”. Advancements currently being developed as part of the SpaceX reusable launch system development program to enable reusable Falcon 9s “could drop the price by an order of magnitude, sparking more space-based enterprise, which in turn would drop the cost of access to space still further through economies of scale.” SpaceX’ reusable plans include Falcon Heavy and future methane-based launch vehicles including the Mars Colonial Transporter. If SpaceX is successful in developing the reusable technology, it would be expected to “have a major impact on the cost of access to space”, and change the increasingly competitive market in space launch services.

“Alternative funding approaches might include the creation of inducement prizes. For example, the 2004 President’s Commission on Implementation of United States Space Exploration Policy suggested that an inducement prize contest should be established, perhaps by government, for the achievement of space colonization. One example provided was offering a prize to the first organization to place humans on the Moon and sustain them for a fixed period before they return to Earth.”

“Mars colonization is advocated by several non-governmental groups for a range of reasons and with varied proposals. One of the oldest groups is the Mars Society who promote a NASA program to accomplish human exploration of Mars and have set up Mars analog research stations in Canada and the United States. MarsDrive is dedicated to private initiatives for the exploration and settlement of Mars. Mars to Stay advocates recycling emergency return vehicles into permanent settlements as soon as initial explorers determine permanent habitation is possible. Mars One, which went public in June 2012, aims to establish a fully operational permanent human colony on Mars by 2023 with funding coming from a reality TV show and other commercial exploitation, although this approach has been widely criticized as unrealistic and infeasible.”

“Currently, the American space agency is planning to put a human on Mars in 2035 – a plan that depends on the successful completion of a few different missions, as well as stable funding over the course of the next couple of decades. As RT reported earlier this month, a new study by the US National Research Council found that under NASA’s current budget trajectory, reaching the Red Planet would be unlikely.”

“Stofan downplayed budgetary concerns, however, saying the agency has received “extremely favorable budgets in the last few years” and that tight budgets have inspired innovation at NASA. She also noted that the agency’s asteroid mission – which involves capturing an asteroid and redirecting its orbit around the moon so that astronauts can land on it – is all intended to test technology that would be used on a future Mars mission.” 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coureur_des_bois
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voyageurs
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colonization_of_Mars
http://www.mars-one.com/
http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20141030-five-steps-to-colonising-mars
http://www.redcolony.com/
http://www.space.com/27451-private-mars-colony-feasibility-study.html
http://rt.com/usa/167944-nasa-plans-colonize-mars/

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