“Chekism”, A View on Russia Applicable to Most Communist Countries – 12/22/2014

For Your Entertainment (FYE)

“Chekism (from Chekathe first Soviet secret police organization) is a term to describe the situation in the Soviet Union and contemporary Russia, where the secret political police controlled everything in society.”

“According to former Russian Duma member Konstantin Borovoi, “Putin‘s appointment is the culmination of the KGB’s crusade for power. This is its finale. Now the KGB runs the country.”. Olga Kryshtanovskaya, director of the Moscow-based Center for the Study of Elites, has found that up to 78% of 1,016 leading political figures in Russia have served previously in organizations affiliated with KGB or FSB. She said: “If in the Soviet period and the first post-Soviet period, the KGB and FSB people were mainly involved in security issues, now half are still involved in security but the other half are involved in business, political partiesNGOs, regional governments, even culture… They started to use all political institutions.”

“The KGB or FSB members usually remain in the “acting reserve” even if they formally leave the organization (“acting reserve” members receive second FSB salary, follow FSB instructions, and remain “above the law” being protected by the organization, according to Kryshtanovskaya). As Vladimir Putin said, “There is no such thing as a former KGB man”. Soon after becoming prime minister of Russia, Putin also perhaps somewhat jokingly claimed that “A group of FSB colleagues dispatched to work undercover in the government has successfully completed its first mission.”] Moreover, the FSB has formal membership, military discipline, and an extensive network of civilian informants,] hardcore ideology, and support of population (60% of Russians trust FSB), which according to Yevgenia Albats and Catherine A. Fitzpatrick makes it a perfect totalitarian political party.

“Some observers note that the current Russian state security organization FSB is even more powerful than KGB was, because it does not operate under the control of the Communist Party as the KGB in the past. Moreover, the FSB leadership and their partners own the most important economic assets in the country and control the Russian government and the State Duma. According to Ion Mihai Pacepa,

In the Soviet Union, the KGB was a state within a state. Now former KGB officers are running the state. They have custody of the country’s 6,000 nuclear weapons, entrusted to the KGB in the 1950s, and they now also manage the strategic oil industry renationalized by Putin. The KGB successor, rechristened FSB, still has the right to electronically monitor the population, control political groups, search homes and businesses, infiltrate the federal government, create its own front enterprises, investigate cases, and run its own prison system. The Soviet Union had one KGB officer for every 428 citizens. Putin’s Russia has one FSB-ist for every 297 citizens.

However, the number of FSB staff is a state secret of Russian Federation., and the staff of Russian Strategic Rocket Forces is not officially submitted to the FSB, although FSB might be interested in monitoring these structures, as they intrinsically involve state secrets and various degrees of admittance to them. The Law on Federal Security Service which defines its functions and establishes its structure doesn’t involve such tasks as managing strategic branches of national industry, controlling political groups, or infiltrating the federal government.
political scientistStanislav Belkovsky also defines Chekism to be an “imperial ideology” that includes aggressive anti-Americanism.

Andrei Illarionov, a former advisor of Vladimir Putin, describes contemporary Chekism as a new socio-political order (the Power Model), “distinct from any seen in our country before”. In this model, members of the Corporation of Intelligence Service Collaborators [Russian abbreviation KSSS] took over the entire body of state power, follow an omerta-like behavior code, and “are given instruments conferring power over others – membership “perks”, such as the right to carry and use weapons”. According to Illarionov, this “Corporation has seized key government agencies – the Tax Service, Ministry of DefenseMinistry of Foreign AffairsParliament, and the government-controlled mass media – which are now used to advance the interests of KSSS members. Through these agencies, every significant resource of the country – security/intelligence, political, economic, informational and financial – is being monopolized in the hands of Corporation members.” The ideology of “Chekists” is “Nashism (“ours-ism”), the selective application of rights”, he said.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chekism
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_espionage_in_the_United_States

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