The “Laminated Individual””Third Culture Kid (TCK)””Network Society” “New “Glocal” Individualism”;+) — 11/16/2014

For Your Entertainment (FYE)

There is no perfect culture and civilization for individuals……:+(

You have to create your own and carry it with you wherever you travel to, worldwide…….;+)

“”Individuality Lamination” is the technique of manufacturing an individuality in multiple layers, so that the composite individual achieves improved strength, stability, adversity insulation, resilience and appearance or other properties from the use of differing cultural and civilizational materials. A “laminated Individual”  is usually permanently assembled by adversarial heat, external pressure, welding under external pressure, or internally generated adhesives.”

A “perfect” example are the “New “Glocal” Individualism””Third Culture Kids(TCK)………

“Third culture kid (TCK, 3CK) is a term used to refer to children who were raised in a culture outside of their parents’ culture for a significant part of their development years. The definition is not constrained to describing only children, but can also be used to describe adults who have had this experience of being a TCK. The experience of being a TCK is unique in that these individuals are moving between cultures before they have had the opportunity to fully develop their personal and cultural identity. The first culture of children refers to the culture of the country from which the parents originated, the second culture refers to the culture in which the family currently resides, and the third culture refers to the amalgamation of these two cultures. The third culture is further reinforced with the interaction of the third culture individual with the expatriate community that currently resides in the host country.”

“Today, the population of third culture kids, also referred to as “third culture individuals” (TCIs), is increasing with globalization, more opportunities for jobs and work overseas, with international educationbeing more accessible, and various other factors. Some well-known TCIs include the 44th President of the United States, Barack Obama, and Abby Huntsman, daughter of former U.S. Ambassador to China and former Governor of Utah Jon Huntsman, Jr., who lived in Beijing and various other Asian cities due to her father’s career path. Currently, there are as many bilingual children in the world as there are monolingualchildren. TCIs are often exposed to a second (or third, fourth, etc.) language while living in their host culture. This means that TCIs are often bilingual, and sometimes even multilingual.

Research has shown that some of the ways that the negative effects of cultural homelessness can be buffered is when an individual has adopted a cross-cultural identity (CCI). An individual is best able to adopt a CCI when the individual is made aware of the social category they belong to given his/her experience abroad, feels as though he/she belong to this category, and possesses a strong social networkof friends and family that have a similar experience as the individual. The first factor is important for buffering the negative effects because it allows for the individual to understand that his/her cross-cultural experience is shared by others and therefore is not something that is unique to just them. This experience becomes more normalized and it allows for connection with others to create an even more defined social category. The second allows for attachment and commitment to be formed to this category and self-labeling occurs. The last factor fulfills what are commonly considered as some of humanity’s basic needs, as can be seen in Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. This emotional attachment and belongingness have been found to be key components to the psychological well-being of TCIs and have been linked to higher for self-esteem among the TCI population.”

“Network society is the expression coined in 1981 related to the social, political, economic and cultural changes caused by the spread of networked, digital information and communications technologies. The intellectual origins of the idea can be traced back to the work of early social theorists such as Georg Simmel who analyzed the effect of modernization and industrial capitalism on complex patterns of affiliation, organization, production and experience.”

“The network society is a social structure based on networks operated by information and communication technologies based on microelectronics and digital computer networks that generate, process and distribute information via the nodes of the networks. The network society can be defined as a social formation with an infrastructure of social and media networks enabling its prime mode of organization at all levels (individual, group, organizational and societal). Increasingly, these networks link all units or parts of this formation. In western societies, the individual linked by networks is becoming the basic unit of the network society. In eastern societies, this might still be the group (family, community, work team) linked by networks.In the contemporary process of individualization, the basic unit of the network society has become the individual who is linked by networks. This is caused by simultaneous scale extension (nationalisation and internationalisation) and scale reduction (smaller living and working environments)  Other kinds of communities arise. Daily living and working environments are getting smaller and more heterogenous, while the range of the division of labour, interpersonal communications and mass media extends. So, the scale of the network society is both extended and reduced as compared to the mass society. The scope of the network society is both global and local, sometimes indicated as “glocal”. The organization of its components (individuals, groups, organizations) is no longer tied to particular times and places. Aided by information and communication technology, these coordinates of existence can be transcended to create virtual times and places and to simultaneously act, perceive and think in global and local terms.”

“Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual. Individualists promote the exercise of one’s goals and desires and so value independence and self-reliance and advocate that interests of the individual should achieve precedence over the state or a social group, while opposing external interference upon one’s own interests by societyor institutions such as the government.
Individualism makes the individual its focus and so starts “with the fundamental premise that the human individual is of primary importance in the struggle for liberation.” Liberalismexistentialism and anarchismare examples of movements that take the human individual as a central unit of analysis. Individualism thus involves “the right of the individual to freedom and self-realization”.

“It has also been used as a term denoting “The quality of being an individual; individuality related to possessing “An individual characteristic; a quirk.” Individualism is thus also associated with artistic and bohemian interests and lifestyles where there is a tendency towards self-creation and experimentation as opposed to tradition or popular mass opinions and behaviors as so also with humanist philosophical positions and ethics.


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