What Could Be Useful Now to High Technology Higher Education and Winning Strategy Implementation in Viet Nam – 10/12/2013

Vietnam’s higher education system has been blamed for being “overly centralized and highly politicized.””
“The entire higher education system is facing several crises, such as outdated curricula, a lecturer-centered method of teaching and learning, a lack of linkage between teaching and research activities, and a large discord between theory and practical training, that leads to a large number of graduates being unable to find a job, while skills shortages drive inflation to double-digit levels. According to the survey on graduate employment in 2009-2010 conducted by Center for Policy Studies and Analysis- University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, among 3000 respondents, 26.2% are still unemployed with the majority unable to find a job. Among those employed, 61% said they lacked sufficient working skill, 42% lacked experience and 32% cited insecure professional expertise.“Aside from degrees offered by foreign universities, qualifications from Vietnamese universities are not recognized worldwide.”

“Teaching methods delivered in the public system are teacher-oriented. Class discussions are uncommon, and students are expected to be studious and passively attentive in the classroom. This method is a manifestation of Confucian culture, and is a sharp contrast to American and British pedagogy, where interaction and debate are more prominent.”

“Advanced and specialized high school students are generally expected to study additional courses, which can amount to a total of nine periods a day. Parents also enroll their children into extensive tutoring sessions, which is not to be confused with cram schools, because the tutoring sessions are taken regardless of any upcoming tests or exams. The average monthly salary of local Vietnamese public teachers is between 60USD and 100USD, so many supplement their income by moonlighting, working in the private sector or teaching in these tutoring sessions. Students who do not attend these sessions are always at a disadvantage, as materials appearing on tests and exams are often covered only in tutoring sessions.”

“Public schools are underfunded. Currently, only primary schools are subsidized by the government, to 50% of the total tuition cost. Enrollment rates may be high; however, primary education quality, particularly in poor areas, is below the required standard. Moreover, the drop-out rate after fifth grade is also high, especially in rural and mountainous area since most students cannot afford to attend secondary school or university, due to poverty. Participatory Poverty Assessments (PPAs) found that for many poor households, child labor is considered much more valuable than school attendance. Regular school absenteeism also leads to poor academic performance. For poor families, the opportunity cost of sending their children to school is perceived to be high and the long-term benefit of education cannot outweigh the short-term economic losses.”

“Private language centers offering English as a Second Language are in high demand in the larger cities of Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City. Students flock to these schools to increase their employment opportunities. These classes are usually taught by foreign expatriates who are generally paid between 10 and 20 US dollars per hour, depending both on their qualifications, and on the quality of the school. Lower standards in some of the lower paying schools have resulted in a proliferation of low-quality teachers (known to the local community as “backpacker teachers”).”

“Marxism-Leninism is a political ideology combining the scientific socialist concepts theorized by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, collectively known as Marxism, with the theoretical expansions developed by Vladimir Lenin, collectively known as Leninism, which consist of imperialism, democratic centralism, and the necessity of a vanguard party of class conscious cadres to coordinate the social revolution and the construction of socialism. Marxism-Leninism was the official ideology of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and of the Communist International (1919 – 1943), making it the guiding ideology of the world communist movement. As such, in popular discourse, the term “Communism” is often understood in the Marxist-Leninist sense.”

“The core object of Marxism-Leninism is the creation of a socialist state – and ultimately a worldwide communist society – through the leadership of a vanguard party composed of “professional” revolutionaries, under the justification that a highly organized group of revolutionaries is necessary for the success and safeguarding of the revolution – which itself represents a “dictatorship of the proletariat“.

“In practice, Marxism-Leninism rejects political pluralism in favor of democratic centralism and single-party control in order to provide a unified base of leadership for the working class and the revolution. In Marxist-Leninist states, the ruling Communist party acts as the supreme political institution and the prime force of societal organization. Marxist-Leninist states are associated with centrally-planned economies, but in recent decades, Marxist-Leninist states have embraced market economies and mixed economies such as the socialist market economy model used in the People’s Republic of China and Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

“The phrase “Marxism-Leninism” was introduced by Joseph Stalin in the 1930s. Marxism-Leninism has different variations, the most notable being Stalinism (which is based on the theory of Socialism in One Country) and Maoism (which is based on peasant-based revolution in underdeveloped countries).”

“According to H.E. Mr Nguyen Tan Dung, Viet Nam Prime Minister, “In the context of globalisation and tough competition, our country can only accelerate growth and narrow the gap with other countries in the region if we develop a modern set of institutions for a market economy that facilitate the movement of resources across sectors and regions of the country according to signals from the market, along an average profit axis in order to ensure the harmonious and balanced development of the economy. This would in turn encourage enterprises to develop their human resources, as well as apply innovative management and production technologies, thereby creating a dynamic competitive advantage against other business entities in pursuit of superior profits. The process would encourage a continual refinement in investment structures, forging an economy that offers a high degree of innovation and ensuring the efficiency and competitiveness of the economy itself. These are the dialectics of development.”
“First, we need to have integrated development of all elements of the market economy so that they are fully formed and functioning in harmony, one supporting the other in a perfect whole. This is the very condition for the economy to function smoothly, allowing all resources to move freely and be allocated rationally and effectively.”
“Second, a modern market economy requires the establishment of an equal competitive environment for all players on the market. Competition is a feature of a market economy and a criterion to measure the market nature of an economy. A highly competitive market will also help control prices much better than a State price control regime. The important thing is competition forces businesses to cut costs and improve productivity to ensure efficiency.”
“Third, it is necessary to highlight transparency and accountability in the implementation of management policies and development projects as well as in the operation of businesses. The impact of opening and integrating our markets are closely linked to the formation of multiple ownership structures that lead to the emergence of certain ‘interest groups.’ Objectively speaking, these interest groups might affect the policymaking process. Transparency not only helps create equal opportunities for access to information, but, more importantly, the transparency and accountability also allow public oversight of decisions made by regulators. They provide the fundamental measure to prevent corruption and the possible impacts that interest groups might have on the policymaking process, ensuring that decisions made are in line with common values and in the interest of the nation. Transparency also helps limit speculation, reduce costs and enhance market efficiency.”
“Fourth, creating modern market institutions in an era of globalisation and all-out international integration requires us to redefine the relationship between the State and the market. Accordingly, the State should shift from direct intervention into economic processes to performing an innovative function to ensure economic stability and a favourable climate for business and investment, thereby forming a setting for the development and improvement of public services.”
“Fifth, a modern market economic institution must focus on consumers. It is necessary to continuously improve regimes to protect consumer rights and, develop consumer protection centres. The Government will focus on the development and improvement of technical and food safety standards and increase inspections of imported goods as well as of goods distributed on the domestic market. It will review and improve regulations under the Law on Consumer Protection to effectively enforce it, thus creating a legal foundation to encourage the development of non-governmental organisations dedicated to the protection of consumer rights.”
“Restructuring must take place on an ongoing basis under the influence of the scientific and technological revolutions and the shift in competitive advantages among enterprises and across borders. It is from this standpoint and according to the vision set forth in the Strategy for Socio-economic Development for 2011-20 adopted by the Third Meeting of the Party Central Committee of the 11th National Party Congress that sets forth the requirements for economic restructuring and for a change in the growth model as part of the five-year plan for 2011-15.””The goal is to enhance productivity, product quality, efficiency and competency on both domestic and international markets so that we can participate in high value-added stages of regional and global production supply chains. Accordingly, the course of economic restructuring would be comprehensively pursued along the following lines:”

“First, restructuring of industries and services. This would mean a shift from assembly industries with low scientific and technological content and added value to the development of manufacturing and processing industries having a high level of added value, with a focus on support industries and some high-tech products for which our country has advantages and capacity.”

“In the agricultural sector, we need to develop an agriculture based on production of major cash crops with high yield, quality and efficiency. This would be attached to the development of a new rural life and the improvement of farmers’ lives. Agricultural industries and all stages of agricultural production from farming to processing and distribution must be restructed. ”

“Second, it is necessary to restructure enterprises. The course of economic restructuring starts from macro-economic policies but must also be conducted in each and every enterprise. Enterprise restructuring provides the foundation for the creation of a new face for the economy. To restructure enterprises, it is necessary to apply the latest scientific and technological advance in the fields of management and production, reforming corporate governance and organisation in line with the advance of production technology and the development of the market in order to improve business competitiveness.”

“Third, it is necessary to adjust market strategy. Globalisation and international integration open up a vast market for enterprises, enabling them to make full use of the advantages arising out of their investment projects. However, globalisation also increases the interdependency of economies, especially those with a high level of exposure like ours. This might also lead to certain uncertainties beyond our forecasts. It is therefore necessary to diversify our products and export markets, limiting dependency on a handful of markets while at the same time promoting the domestic market, especially in rural areas. To the export markets, the important thing is not an increase in exports into one country or territory but penetration into the value chain in the context of increasing development of global production and value chains. Such a situation requires the formation of a supply chain here in the domestic market. This is the way towards sustainable trade development.”

“It is necessary to develop manufacturing and processing industries, but especially the high-tech ones that offer high added value, while decreasing the ratio of assembly industries in total industrial production value.”

Wow!!!!    I can hear Tom Peters about “Thriving on Chaos.”!!!!  ;+)

So much outstanding “talk”, but where is the “walk”, the “execution” of the strategy????? :+(

Frankly speaking, I am not sure that the “executives” really “understand” what the “leadership” is saying.and/or are “competent” enough to implement it!!!!……..:+(

Too many enduring “bad habits”, not enough “(re-)education” and “real work experience” in the “market economy” and “thinking” “outside of the box”……..;+)

The High Technology Business Introductory Courses Documentation
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_project_management
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_management
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Object-oriented_programming
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Component-based_software_engineering
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waterfall_model
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agile_Methods
http://www.agilemodeling.com/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_development_methodology
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2-plan_project_management_software
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_release_life_cycle
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_development_process
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_development
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_tools
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Risk_management
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Requirements_management
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Change_management
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_configuration_management
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Release_management
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_Technology_Infrastructure_Library#Overview_of_the_ITIL_v3_library
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_testing
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unit_testing
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/System_testing
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Integration_testing
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User_acceptance_testing#User_acceptance_testing
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_Management
http://www.projectreference.com/
http://www.easyprojects.net/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_development_process
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Systems_development_life-cycle
http://www.sdlc.ws/
http://www.ambysoft.com/essays/agileLifecycle.html
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_quality
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_quality_management
http://www.agilemodeling.com/
http://www.ambysoft.com/essays/floot.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scott_Ambler
http://www.ambysoft.com/scottAmbler.html
http://www.ambysoft.com/
http://www-01.ibm.com/software/rational/bios/ambler.html

Graduate Courses Documentation

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lean_software_development
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muda_(Japanese_term)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lean_Startup
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Value_stream_mapping
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theory_of_Constraints
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kanban_(development)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kanban_cards
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queuing_theory
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Motivation
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Measurements
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lean_Integration
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lean_Services
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lean_IT
http://www.leansoftwareinstitute.com/
http://epistemologic.com/category/process/lean-software/
http://torgronsund.com/2010/01/06/lean-startup-business-model-pattern/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lean_Higher_Education
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lean_Government
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lean_accounting
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lean_construction
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lean_manufacturing
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W._Edwards_Deming
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shewhart_cycle
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_M._Juran
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agile_software_development
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agile_Modeling
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agile_Unified_Process
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dynamic_Systems_Development_Method
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Essential_Unified_Process
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rational_Unified_Process
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exia_Process
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extreme_Programming
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feature_Driven_Development
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Unified_Process
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scrum_(development)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crystal_Clear_(software_development)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Velocity_tracking

http://www.niwotridge.com/PDFs/PM%20Chapter%20(short%20no%20email)%20Update%202.pdf
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_Engineering_Institute
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Architecture_Tradeoff_Analysis_Method
http://www.sei.cmu.edu/architecture/tools/evaluate/atam.cfm
http://www.sei.cmu.edu/reports/00tr004.pdf
http://c2.com/cgi/wiki?ArchitectureTradeoffAnalysisMethod
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capability_Maturity_Model_Integration
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CMMI_Version_1.3
http://www.sei.cmu.edu/library/abstracts/reports/10tr033.cfm
http://www.sei.cmu.edu/library/abstracts/reports/10tr034.cfm
http://www.sei.cmu.edu/library/abstracts/reports/10tr032.cfm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_CMMI_Appraisal_Method_for_Process_Improvement
http://sas.sei.cmu.edu/pars/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO_15504
http://www.sei.cmu.edu/process/high-performance.cfm

Systems and Software Architecture & Design Documentation:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Systems_architecture
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_architecture
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterprise_architecture
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Architectural_pattern_(computer_science)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Design_Thinking
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterprise_Architecture_Assessment_Framework
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterprise_Architecture_framework
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterprise_Architecture_Planning
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterprise_engineering
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterprise_Life_Cycle
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterprise_Unified_Process
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GINA_:_Global_Information_Network_Architecture
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_Architecture
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IT_Governance
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IT_Portfolio_Management
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IT_Service_Management
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Service-Oriented_Modeling
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_Source_Enterprise_Architecture_Tools
http://www.codeproject.com/Kb/architecture/System_DesignByNirosh.aspx
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb466232.aspx
http://www.ece.cmu.edu/~koopman/system.html
http://www.isd.mel.nist.gov/documents/horst/ISROC2000.pdf
http://www.vtt.fi/inf/pdf/publications/2004/P523.pdf
http://www.agilemodeling.com/essays/agileArchitecture.htm
http://www.agilemodeling.com/essays/agileDesign.htm
http://www.agilemodeling.com/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Systems_architect
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enterprise_architect

Other Relevant Seminars/Courses Documentation

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strategic_planning
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creativity
http://jpb.com/creative/creative.php

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_thinking

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Idea

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imagination
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Innovation
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Design
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User-centered_design
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kansei_engineering
http://mjoc.uitm.edu.my/v1/source/journal/2011/1/pdf/03%20Design&Emotion%20-Anitawati%20Mohd%20Lokman.pdf
http://www.nestle.com/Common/NestleDocuments/Documents/R_and_D/Innovations/Kansei.pdf
http://www.qfdi.org/workshop_kansei.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_product_development
http://www.npd-solutions.com/bok.html
http://www.milkingredients.ca/DCP/app/filerepository/820EE48638F24A8CA8F6CF98692D5E92.pdf
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Product_lifecycle_management

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Problem_solving

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientific_method

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IDEO
http://www.ideo.com/
http://iinnovate.blogspot.com/2006/08/david-kelley-founder-of-ideo.html
http://www.ideo.com/work/human-centered-design-toolkit/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frog_Design_Inc.
http://www.frogdesign.com/
http://www.frogdesign.com/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple_Industrial_Design_Group
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_interface_guidelines
http://www.fastcodesign.com/1662826/frog-design-the-four-secrets-of-playtime-that-foster-creative-kids

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Continuum_(design_consultancy)
http://continuuminnovation.com/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lunar_Design

http://www.lunar.com/

http://www.lunar.com/icon-o-cast/

http://www.designboom.com/weblog/cat/16/view/11489/lunar-design-gesture-remote.html

http://www.designboom.com/weblog/cat/8/view/17246/designboom-mart-bangkok-march-2012-call-for-participation.html

http://www.indiana.edu/~bobweb/Handout/cretv_6.html

http://www.wherecreativitygoestoschool.com/vancouver/left_right/rb_test.htm

http://www.creax.com/creativity_test.htm

http://www.creax.com/csa/

http://enchantedmind.com/html/creativity/iq_tests/creativity_test.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2010/07/10/creativity-test.html

http://www.toxel.com/inspiration/2009/05/06/school-of-art-and-design-creativity-test/

http://imagineproject.org/?gclid=CL2J9Jr0nq0CFVCApAodZ14akw

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