When It Is Time For “Doi Moi 2” To Be Called Upon in Viet Nam — 09/11/2013

For Your Entertainment (FYE)
The following three points are important for Vietnam to become richer and attain social fairness.

The first is the democratization of their politics. A single-party rule of the Communist Party that

has no monitoring functions is surely a system that structurally breeds corruption. Social fairness can

never be achieved with such a system. Furthermore, the problem lies in the fact that there is basically

no “freedom of expression”, and particularly, the freedom to criticize authority. Criticism toward

authority is not permitted even when corruption does occur because such cases are just dismissed a

few corrupt elements having fallen from the tree. That is when crimes start to get glossed over

because all senior members have to do in order to flee from responsibility is discharge the bad apples

and find new subordinates.”

A member of the “Anti-Corruption Investigation Committee” who is also a young member of the

Vietnamese Governmental Auditing Committee asserted a bold “Doi Moi II” at an unofficial

meeting. In other words, Doi Moi I is a policy for economic reforms and initiated a complete

transition from a planned economy to a market economy. However, Doi Moi II is a policy for

political reforms where the single-party rule is changed to a multiparty system, and it should be

proposed even if it means that the Communist Party itself is faced with the possibility of losing its

power base. I was surprised to find that elite members of the party with promising futures were

taking the “Doi Moi II” into consideration, and saw this as a sign of how serious the situation really

is. I was also able to see for myself how sound Vietnamese society actually is.”

The second point is in industrial strategy. As mentioned earlier, an infrastructure for

industrialization centering on the manufacturing industry has not been developed yet. Therefore, the

government has a policy of following India’s example and attempting to place an IT-related software

industry at the core of its growth. Japan has also been asked to provide IT-related assistance. The

Vietnamese alphabet is called “Quoc Ngu” and it is phonogramic, which makes it easy to type

quickly. A lot of software in the Vietnamese language that is easy to use is being developed by

Vietnamese people who are highly capable in sciences and have fled to the United States.

Furthermore, there are many young students who study sciences that are interested in the

communication industry and have much knowledge in software technology. This makes it quite a

promising industry, but various other measures must be implemented if status as a global center in

IT is to be reached as has been done by Bangalore. There must be thousands who have English skills

that allow them to at least keep up with international business, and cooperation from Vietnamese

technicians in the United States is inevitable in gaining knowledge in the latest trends in software

development. That is why the people must be given the chance to migrate to other countries more

freely. Therefore, it is directly related to the democratization of politics, which is the number one

issue.

The third point is the social issue of how to reduce gaps between the rich and the poor. A market

economy has been introduced, economic activities have started to take effect, and the country has

finally been able to break free from being the poorest country in the world. But Vietnam was ranked

112 out of the 117 countries in the world listed in the Human Development Index (UNDP) in 2004.

As stated above, the disparity between urban areas and rural areas is great, and the social gaps

between the wealthy class, the middle class, and the poor even in urban areas are increasing.

Furthermore, the observing of international rules based on the principles of a market economy has

become necessary due to accession into WTO. In a way, cutbacks or the abolishing of subsidies from

the government for maintaining less competitive industries has been enforced. This particularly

affects the agricultural sector because this means that cheaper agricultural products from overseas

start to come directly into Vietnam. There is the fear of facing international price competitions with

a decrease in wages and the possibility of rural areas becoming impoverished. Also, the Vietnamese

government is faced with the difficult question of what kinds of rural development measures should

be taken because the rural population covers the majority of the country’s population.

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