Even though, for a lot of “Colonial French”(“Coloniaux Francais”,”Pieds Noirs”), from Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia who “vividly” have an image of “a suitcase with the handle inside the suitcase”(“une valise avec la poignee a l’interieur”) when you ask them what is the islamic contribution to civilization (and supeficially when you look at day-to-day methods and procedures of the current Great Islamic Civilization Inheritance, they seem to be true), there are numerous extraordinary achievements……..
“Industrial water mills were built in Al-Andalus between the 11th and 13th centuries. Fulling mills, steel mills, and other mills, spread from Al-Andalus to Christian Iberia by the 12th century. The first windmills were built in Sistan, Afghanistan, sometime between the 7th century and 9th century, as described by Muslim geographers. These were horizontal axis windmills with rectangle shaped blades, geared to long vertical driveshafts. These were introduced to Europe through Spain. The bridge mill was a unique type of water mill that was built as part of the superstructure of a bridge. The earliest record of a bridge mill is from Córdoba in the 12th century. The first forge to be driven by a hydropowered water mill rather than manual labour, also known as a finery forge, was invented in 12th century Al-Andalus. Stamp mills were used by miners in Samarkand from as early as 973. They were used in medieval Persia for the purpose of crushing ore. By the 11th century, stamp mills were in widespread use throughout the Islamic world, including Al-Andalus. Many Damdams (or dams), acequias, and qanat water supply systems, and “Tribunal of Waters” irrigation systems, were built during the Islamic Golden Age and are still in use today in Islamic countries and in formerly Islamic Provinces in Europe such as Sicily and the Iberian Peninsula, particularly in the Andalusia, Aragon and Valencia Provinces of Spain. The Arabic systems of irrigation and water distribution were later adopted in the Canary Islands and Americas due to the Spanish and are still used including in Texas, New Mexico, Mexico, Peru, and Chile. Muslim cities such as Córdoba had advanced domestic water systems with sanitary sewers, public baths, drinking fountains, piped drinking water supplies, and widespread private and public toilet and bathing facilities. The first street lamps were built in the Arab Empire, especially in Córdoba, which also had the first facilities and waste containers for litter collection.”
Maybe one of the many “Mixte” Islamic-Western Civilization “Franchises” will replace the “Franks” as their modern equivalent to bring back a newly Enhanced and Integrated Sikh, Jewish, Islamic, Hindu, Communist, Christian, Buddhist, Atheist “Renaissance” Global Civilization, as it was the case for the Roman Empire in the Middle Ages and the subsequent Renaissance in Europe leading to the Age of Enlightenment…
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_contributions_to_Medieval_Europe http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindu_and_Buddhist_contribution_to_science_in_medieval_Islam http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inventions_in_medieval_Islam